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Why visit Uzbekistan

Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan is a part of Uzbekistan. The Great Silk Road ran through the territory of Karakalpakstan during the ancient times. There are still a number of unique ancient monuments preserved in Karakalpakstan: cities of Toprak-kala, Djanbas-kala, Gyaur-kala and Ayaz-kala. These sights are valuable, however, barely preserved memory about the past epochs.

Nukus is a capital city of Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan. The city is situated on the crossroads of three deserts and almost dried out Aral Sea. Nukus became a capital city in 1932 but its history is dated back to medieval times. The city is an economical and cultural center of the region. The main sights of Nukus are State Museum of Art named after I.V.Savitsky that keeps more than 90 000 exhibits, archeological complex of Mizdakhan, as well as the mausoleums of Muzlumkhan-sulu and Shamun Nabi.

Close to once full-flowing Aral Sea, not far from Nukus lies the ships cemetery – Muynak. This city is the reflection of Aral Sea tragedy. Ships and barges that never sail, lie on the territory of Muynak. Aral Sea was the fourth largest sea in the world at its high water period.


Mizdakhan archeological

On the territory of Mizdakhan archeological complex there are a number of historical monuments. The complex is situated on the plain and three hills that surround it. Here one can see the ruins of those great buildings. Some researchers suppose that Mizdakhan is the city of Mizda which is mentioned in the book of “Avesta”. According to the writings Mizda was built in honor of the God Akhura-Mazda.

Mazlumkhan-sulu mausoleum

Mazlumkhan-sulu mausoleum was built in XII – XIII-th centuries. It is distinguished with special architecture: the part of the building is situated under the ground. As legend suggests, a beautiful daughter of ruler of Khorezm was buried there. Her name was Muzlumkhan. The mausoleum was named on her behalf.

Museum of Art named after I.V. Savitsky 

The Karakalpakstan State Museum of Art named after I.V. Savitsky is famous for its art collection that consists of over 90000 displays. If you decided to visit Nukus, you certainly need to visit this museum. Here you can get acquainted with works of the best artists of Uzbekistan, items of national handicraft, and good copies of some world masterpieces.

Shamunnabi mausoleum

Shamunnabi mausoleum was built in honor of legendary magician of the Central Asia. It is said that he was buried there. But after the opening of the grave, the scientists discovered that it was empty. The building is saturated with mysticism. It was built in the XVIIIth century. The uniqueness of the mausoleum is in seven domes, that correspond the the number of magicians daughters. Shamunnabi mausoleum is located on the north hill of Mizdakhana.


Guyar-Kala is dated back to IV-XIIIth centuries BC. Excavations are carried out until today. The cultural layer of this city, according to scientists, reaches 10 meters. The contours of the ruins can tell us about the massive fortress and religious temples that once were located there. The findings suggest that Guyar-Kala was a busy trade and handicraft center.

Ayaz-Kala Fortress

The Fortress of Ayaz-Kala is translated as “The fortress on the wind”. It is dated back to IVth century BC. It was named so because the city was situated on the territory of sacred mountains and moving sands of Kyzulkum deserts. There are a number of legends related to Ayaz-Kala, one of which tells about the election of a new shah. After a death of a current ruler, priests predicted a new shah (king) will become a person, on whom the court falcon will land. The bird landed on the head of ordinary warrior, who became the next ruler of the fortress.

Toprak Kala

Toprak Kala is the ruins of antique Khorezm. The city is dated back to the beginning of first century AD. Archeologists managed to restore a number of structures. According to the findings it can be said that architectural art was blossoming on its territory. Toprak Kala is regarded as one of the most ancient in Central Asia. It is included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sights.

Djanbas Kala

The city of Djanbas Kala is situated in Karakalpakstan, 160 km away from Urgench. As scientists suggest, the city blossomed in the IV-th century BC. Djanbas kala resembles with other antique cities in the fact that it has no towers. The city once beautified the hills but only the walls surrounding the settlement were left.